Currently the Russian Federation is a state-member of the Customs Union.

The Republic of Belarus, Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation have one customs territory of the Customs Union.The range of the common customs territory of the Customs Union is the customs border of the Customs Union. Moving goods through the customs border of the Customs Union is governed by the customs legislation of the Customs Union.

The customs legislation of the Customs Uniondefines the following concepts.

Goods – any movable property that is conveyed through the customs border, including the media, the currency of the Member States of the Customs Union, securities and (or) currency values, traveler's checks, etc.

Goods for personal use - goods intended for personal, family, household and other non-business activities, the needs of individuals through the customs border in accompanied or unaccompanied baggage or in any other way.

Indivisible goods for personal use - goods for personal use, weight is more than 35 kilograms, consisting of one unit or one set of goods, including movable exploded, unassembled, incomplete or unfinished, provided that the goods have the essential properties of the assembled, complete or finished goods.

Accompaniedluggage - goods for personal use, including hand luggage, transported by an individual crossing the customs border.

Unaccompanied luggage - goods for personal use,belonging to an individualthat transferred or transmitted to the carrier under a contract of international carriage (freight forwarding) for the actual movement through customs border due to the entry of that person to the territory of the Customs Union or departure from the customs territory of the Customs Union.


When crossing the customs border of the Customs Union by an air transport subject to customs declaration (fill in a passenger customs declaration):

  • the imported goods, customs value of which exceeds the equivalent of € 10,000 and (or) total weight exceeds 50 kg;
  • imported and exported cash (bank notes, treasury notes, coins, except for coins made of precious metals), and (or) traveler's checks for a total amount exceeding the equivalent of US $ 10 000;
  • imported and exported monetary instruments (bills of exchange, checks, securities);
  • cultural values;
  • exported state awards of the Russian Federation;
  • animals and plants,endangered species , their parts and products derived from them;
  • weapons and ammunition;
  • imported alcoholic beverages in excess of 3 liters;
  • narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances as drugs for medical reasons, with appropriate documentation;
  • radio electronic facilities and (or) high frequency devices of civil use, including built-in or a part of other goods;
  • technical facilitieswith encryption functions;
  • goods for personal use, received as an inheritance provided documentary evidence as the fact of purchasing such goods in the inheritance;
  • goods for personal use, imported in accompanied luggage, if the individual has an unaccompanied luggage;
  • other products defined by the customs legislation of the Customs Union.
  • goods that are not subject to customs declaration in writing.


Head of a state - member of the Customs Union and the foreign person could be a declarant of transported goods that across the customs border.

Customs declaration of goods for personal use of an individual who has not attained 16 years old, is produced by a person accompanying him (one parent, adopter, guardian or trustee of that person, and organized exit (entrance) of minors is produced by their team leader).

Failure to submit the customs declaration in respect of the above-mentioned goods is seen as a statement that individual has not goods that subject to customs declaration.Detecting of goodsthrough selective customs control that subject to customs declaration, entails attracting passengers to justice in accordance with the law of the State-member of the Customs Union.

The messageof false informationin the passenger customs declaration entails responsibility in accordance with the law of the State - member of the Customs Union.

Submission of the passenger customs declaration must be accompanied of presentation of documents to a customs authority that confirming the declared information.


These documents include:

  • identity documents (including a minor);
  • documents confirming the adoption, custody or guardianship of a minor;
  • documents confirming the value of declared goods for personal use;
  • transportation (shipment) documents;
  • documents confirming the right on privileges of customs payments, including confirming the temporary import (export) of individual goods for personal use, as well as confirming the recognition of individual as a refugee, internally displaced or move to a permanent place of residence;
  • documents confirming compliance with the restrictions, except for non-tariff and technical regulation;
  • documents containing the information allowing to identify the vehicle for personal use;
  • documents confirming the right of ownership, use and (or) disposal of a vehicle for personal use;
  • other documents and information, the submission of which is stipulated in accordance with the customs legislation of the Customs Union.

ATTENTION! In the absence of goods that subject to the customs declaration, the above-mentioned documents are available on request of a customs official.


Import goods for personal usewith exemption from payment of customs duties inthe customs territory of the Customs Union includes:

  • customs value of which exceeds the equivalent of € 10,000 and (or) total weight exceeds 50 kg;
  • alcoholic beverages and beer in excess of 3 litersper one person over the age of 18;
  • tobacco and tobacco products: 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars (cigarillos) or 250 grams. of tobacco, or an assortment of these products with total weight less than 250 gr. per one person over the age of 18;
  • second-hand goods imported by refugees, internally displaced persons, migrants;
  • goods for personal use, received as an inheritance provided documentary evidence as the fact of purchasing such goods in the inheritance;
  • imported by diplomatic personnel, employees of the administrative and technical staff of the diplomatic mission or consular post and their family members;
  • imported by individuals assigned to work in a foreign country by government agencies, which duration of stay outside the customs territory of the Customs Union is not less than 11 months (subject to documentary evidence);
  • imported by individuals temporarily living abroad for at least one year (subject to documentary evidence), customs value of which does not exceed the equivalent of €5,000;subject to confirmation of their export from the territory of the Customs Union;
  • cultural values, provided their classification in accordance with the law of the Member States of the Customs Union;
  • urns with ashes (ashes), coffins with bodies (remains) of the dead;
  • used goods temporarily imported by foreign individuals into the customs territory of the Customs Union:
  • jewelry (in an amount necessary for use during temporary stay);
  • personal hygiene items (in an amount necessary for use during temporary stay);
  • cameras, camcorders, cameras (not more than 1 unit) and accessories to them (in an amount necessary for use during temporary stay);
  • Film projectors, projectors for slide show (not more than 1 unit) and accessories to them (in an amount necessary for use during temporary stay);
  • portable video recorders (in an amount not more than 1 unit);
  • portable recording and reproducing equipment (including dictaphones), DVD-player (not more than 1 thing) and accessories to them (in an amount necessary for use during temporary stay);
  • record players, portable (not more than 1 thing) and records (in an amount necessary for use during temporary stay);
  • carriers audio recording without recording and recording (in an amount necessary for use during temporary stay);
  • portable radios, flash-player (not more than 1 thing) and accessories to them (in an amount necessary for use during temporary stay);
  • TV with a diagonal screen size not more than 42 cm (in an amount not more 1 thing);
  • portable typewriters (not more than 1 thing);
  • binoculars (in an amount not more than 1 thing);
  • mobile phones (in an amount of not more than 2 things);
  • portable personal computers (laptops) (not more than 1 thing) and accessories to them (in an amount necessary for use during temporary stay);
  • portable musical instruments (in an amount necessary for use during temporary stay);
  • pram strollers (in an amount necessary for use during temporary stay);
  • child safety seats attached to seats of cars (in an amount necessary for use during temporary stay);
  • wheelchairs for the disabled (in an amount necessary for use during temporary stay);
  • tools and accessories for sports, tourism and hunting, balloons (in an amount necessary for use during temporary stay);
  • Portable dialyzers and similar medical devices and consumables to them (in an amount necessary for use during temporary stay);
  • Pets including intended for hunting, sport (in an amount necessary for use during temporary stay).

When importing goodsby individuals for personal use into the customs territory of the Customs Union use the following rates of customs duties:

  • a single rate is 30% of the customs value, but not less than 4 Euros per 1 kg of weight in excess of cost norm 10,000 euros equivalent and (or) weight norm of 50 kg - in the case of import of goods for personal use, customs value that exceeds the equivalent of 10,000 euros and (or) weighing more than 50 kg;
  • the cumulative customs payment - in the case of import of undivided goods for personal use;
  • a single rate of 22 euro per 1 liter - in the case of import of ethyl alcohol in an amount of up to 5 liters;
  • a single rate of 10 euros for 1 liter in excess of quantitative norm of 3 liters - in the case of importation of alcoholic beverages and beer in an amount ranging from 3 to 5 liters inclusive.

Customs Union, customs duties and taxes at flat rates and aggregate customs payment are not taxed.

ATTENTION! For personal use individual cannot remove from the territory of the Customs Union:

  • fish and seafood (except caviar sturgeon) in an amount of more than 5 kg;
  • sturgeon caviar which weight more than 250 grams;

ATTENTION! In the case of classification of goods that are transported by an individual through the customs border, goods not for personal use, customs operations in respect of goods (including customs declaration) are made in the manner provided for the participants of foreign economic activity. The classification of goods that are transported by an individual through the customs border, goods for personal use is carried out by the customs authority on the basis of:

- The application of an individual on transported goods (orally or in writing, using the passenger customs declaration);

- The nature and quantity of the goods;

- Frequency of crossing a natural person and (or) move their goods across the customs border.


Goods that are not for personal use include:

  • natural diamonds;
  • exported goods in concerning which established export customs duties;
  • central heating boilers;
  • mowers (except mowers for lawns), machines for hay, etc.;
  • solarium tanning;
  • medical equipment (except required in transit or for medical reasons), etc.;

ATTENTION! For violation of customs regulations the individuals bear responsibility in accordance with the law of the State-member of the Customs Union.

In case of disagreement with the actions of a customs officer an individual has a right to appeal them in accordance with the law of a State-member of the Customs Union.


Goods for personal use, which are moved across the border of the Russian Federation by individuals, are allowed with the permission of state authorities:

  • weapon, its basic parts, ammunition - permission of the Interior (General Administration to ensure the protection of public order and coordination of interaction with the executive authorities of the Russian Federation Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia - Moscow, Zhitnyaya st., apt. 15);
  • cultural values - permission documents for the export of cultural property issued by a state body that controls the traffic of cultural properties (Ministry of Culture of Russia - Moscow, M.Gneznikovsky per., apt. 7/6, building# 1.2);
  • animals and plants, endangered species, their parts and products derived from them - CITES permit issued by Rosprirodnadzor (B. Georgiast., apt. 4/6);
  • radio electronic means and (or) high frequency devices of civil purpose - permission of Rostehnadzor (Moscow, Kitaygorodskypr-d, 7, building # 2);
  • technical facilities with encryption features - notification (notice) registered by the Russian FSB Centre for Licensing, Certification and Protection of State Secrets (Ul. B. Lubyanka, 1/3). A list of registered notifications (notifications) filled with product manufacturer or a person authorized by the manufacturer of products can be found on the website wwov.tsouz.ru.

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